Art of choreography

Named for the garba deep or votive lamp, featured in this dance, the Garba is hugely popular in Gujarat. Garbo is a singular form of the name Garba. It is performed in honor of the Mother Divine, the goddess Kali or Durga, revered in Gujarat as Amba Mata or Mataji. The lamp symbolizes her energy, and the dancers move around it in a circle to invoke her blessings. In variations of this format, dancers may carry earthen pots on their heads with lights in them, or carry small lamps in their hands. Sometimes the pots are placed inside a small wooden frame called a mandavdi, and decorated with flowers or colored cloth, which is then carried on the dancer's head. Garba is essentially a women's dance, but it is common for men to participate. It is performed at many auspicious occasions and social events. In Gujarat, there is one big festiwal named Navarati it means the festiwal of Nine nights.

During the nine nights of the festival, Garbas take place in every neighborhood of Gujarat. There are Garbas at temples, community centers, and nightclubs, and Garba competitions on stage. An evening of Garba goes on for hours, often well past midnight, and involves numerous Garba songs to which the dance is done. Any number of dancers may participate, and people join and exit the dance as they please. Most of the Garba songs are in praise of the Goddess, but other themes have come into use, like the stories of Krishna. They usually are led by one singer who first sings each line, which is then repeated by the other singers. The dholak drum and the harmonium are typical instruments for Garba music.

Dancers usually accompany their movements with clapping, but sometimes snap their fingers. when pots are carried, there is no clapping, but just steps and body movements. There are a number of body movements, steps, arm movements, and ways of clapping, in the traditional form of Garba. The women wear traditional Gujarati dress, the chania choli (skirt and blouse) combination or a sari. Men also wear their normal traditional attire, the dhoti or churidars, and a kurtha.
The Garbi is a dance in honor of Amba Mata, like Garba, but it is danced only by men and some times with women too but when garbi is performed by men its call garbi and when it is performed by men and women its call Mishra Garbi . Sometimes the central lamp is placed in a mandavdi. In cases where the dancers carry a mandavdi, it is often larger and more elaborate (and heavier) that those carried by women in the Garba. The Garbi is never danced with pots. Most Garba songs can be used for the Garbi. There are also some songs used only for the Garbi. Men perform in their traditional clothing, the dhoti worn with a shirt, or with a bare upper body. The dance is punctuated with clapping or snapping the fingers.
While there are different kinds of Raas, like the Tal Raas involving clapping, and the Dandiya Raas with sticks, the Raas of Gujarat generally refers to Dandiya Raas. The distinguishing feature of the Raas is the short sticks carried by the dancers, which they strike in Bobby Nrutya Academy.

Raas is danced by men and women, sometimes together. A variant of this dance, the Rasdo, is danced exclusively by men. The Raas is mentioned in several ancient texts and is associated with Krishna and the gopis (cowgirls). Originally, the songs for Raas were only about Krishna and his stories, but other themes have come into use, with as much variety as in Garba music. The Raas starts slowly, and builds in tempo as it progresses, leading to an excited finish. The performers stand in a circle and take simple steps forward and backward, striking their sticks together and striking those of their neighbors. Sometimes they form two concentric circles, and the members of one circle switch places with those of the other circle. After each unit of repetition, dancers move along the circles to the next partner. If there are many participants, several small circles may be formed. Depending on the space, the dancers may even stand in rows facing each other, instead of circles.
A vocational dance performed by women laborers of particular communities, the Tippani gets its name from the mallets or tampers, called tippanis, they use to pound the ground. The women are employed to prepare the floors of houses, and beat the clay or concrete flat with the mallets. They do this work in the form of a dance, and sing in accompaniment. The tippani consists of a wooden block with a long wooden handle. Sometimes small bells, or ghungroos, are tied to the handle. The dance begins slowly, with the singing and beating of the ground done in the same Rhytham As the pace quickens, the dancers alternately pound the floor and strike the handles of the mallets together, and then introduce body movements, usually bending and raising themselves. Towards the end of the dance, they stand in rows and strike the floor very rapidly.
Ghado means pot, and this vocational dance is done by women carrying metal pots used for holding water. The pots are carried on the head or the hip, and during the dance, they are also tossed between the women. The women also make Rhytham sounds by tapping the pots with their fingers - their rings make the sound. The dance moves in a circle, accompanied by songs about daily life. Similar dances exist throughout India, with regional variations in style. An examples is the Panihari of Rajasthan.
The Hudo originates from Tarnetar, a small village in Central Gujarat that hosts an annual fair attended by about 100,000 people, the Triniteshwar Mahadev Mela. Legend has it that this is location where the great archer Arjuna won the hand of Draupadi in marriage. He shot an arrow through the eye of a fish, which was rotating on a wheel atop a pole, by looking at its reflection in the water below. The Tarnetar Mela coincides with a festival commemorating the wedding of Arjuna and Draupadi at the Triniteshwar Mahadev temple. Besides this legend, the temple also has religious significance as a sacred site. The Mela is also a match-making event for the tribal youths of Gujarat.

Villagers from all over the region, belonging to various tribes like the Rabaris, Bharwads, and Kolis, attend the fair dressed in colorful traditional costumes and jewelry. Young men wear colorful dhotis, embroidered jackets, and stunning turbans. Bachelors carry Tarnetar Chhatris, special umbrellas with embroidery and mirror work that they may have spent over a year decorating, to indicate their eligible status. By tradition, if a girl starts a conversation with any boy, it means she is interested to marry him, and their families will meet to discuss it. The Hudo is a dance of courtship from this fair. Young men and women line up, dressed in their colorful finery, with men in one row and women facing them in another. The lively dance has particular steps accompanied by clapping.
The rathva or Rathva, gets its name from the community of rathva ,they originally from the panchamahal , a small village of Gujarat. This dance is performed by men and women with various movements, stunts, with a different colored handkerchief. The dancers applies white clay on their body with the bamboo stick. They wear short "dhoti"(pant) and they tied cowbells on their weast as a belt , they wear small or long feather of peacock on their head. The dance moves in a circul usually but in the dance they makes different designs with the stunts and the pyramids.

The rathava originated with the adivasi, a tribal people of Panchmahal. The songs is sung by men and women with a traditional instrument "Dhol" or a "Khol" and big Zanz (percussion). The rathava is mostly performed by the adivasi at night time in the light of moon. There are different types of tribal dance performed by the adivasi community , the dances are like rathva, dharampur, sambhalpur. In the all tribal dances the chemistry are same but the community are different and the choriography are differ from each other . Dharampur is belong to a small village of Gujarat its call Dharampur and sambhalpur also belong to a small village of Gujarat sambhalpur.

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